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Unlocking the Future: The Ultimate Guide to EV Charging Cables

Electric vehicles (EVs) have become more than just a buzzword or an environmental fad. They’re the future of transport, aiming to replace fossil-fuelled vehicles. According to a Bloomberg report, by 2040, 58% of new car sales are expected to be electric. But hey, owning an electric vehicle isn’t just about driving silently down the road or feeling good about reducing your carbon footprint. You’ve got to understand how to charge that beauty up, and that’s where EV charging cables come into play. Let’s delve into the nitty-gritty of what you need to know.

EV Charging Cable: What’s the Big Deal?

You may wonder why a seemingly simple component like a charging cable warrants such attention. The truth is, the type of charging cable you use can greatly influence your EV experience. Think about it; it dictates how fast your vehicle charges, what kind of charging stations you can connect to, and let’s not forget, how much you’ll shell out for your charging setup. So yeah, it’s a big deal.

Types of EV Charging Cables

You’ve got options, my friend! There’s no one-size-fits-all when it comes to an EV charging cable. Let’s break down some of the most popular types:

Type 1

Common in the U.S., this cable comes with a single-phase with a maximum 7.4 kW of power. Ideal for home charging but less so for commercial use.

Type 2

The European standard, offering both single and three-phase variants. It can deliver up to 22 kW of power, making it more versatile.

CCS (Combined Charging System)

An upgrade to the Type 1 and Type 2 cables, this one includes two additional DC pins, allowing for rapid charging up to 350 kW.


Common in Japanese cars, this cable is a DC charging option that delivers up to 100 kW. It’s not as fast as CCS but still packs a punch.

Tesla’s Proprietary Cable

If you own a Tesla, you’ll be using Tesla’s proprietary connection, which offers up to 250 kW via their Supercharger network.

The Lowdown on Charging Speed

You’re out and about, and you realise your EV needs some juice. How quickly it charges will depend on your cable and your charging point. Typically, you’ll come across three levels of charging speeds:

Level 1: Slow and Steady

Provides around 2-3 kW, ideal for overnight charging at home. It’s the snail pace of EV charging, but hey, it gets the job done!

Level 2: The Middle Road

Offers 7-22 kW and is the most commonly used public charging option. Perfect for a coffee break recharge.

Level 3: The Speed Demon

Commonly known as DC fast charging, it provides 50 kW and above. But remember, your cable must support this speed; otherwise, you’re going nowhere fast.

The Dos and Don’ts: Maintenance and Safety

Sure, charging cables might look sturdy, but they need some TLC. A little maintenance goes a long way in extending the lifespan of your cable:


  • Regularly inspect for wear and tear.
  • Use a cable organizer.
  • Keep the connectors clean.


  • Overload the cable.
  • Leave it exposed to harsh weather conditions.
  • Yank it out; always remove it gently.

How Much Will It Cost Me?

Cost is a variable factor. A generic Type 1 or Type 2 cable can cost between £100-£250. CCS and CHAdeMO cables, being more advanced, are pricier, ranging from £250 to £500. And if you’re a Tesla owner, expect to pay even more for that proprietary tech. But remember, a quality cable is a long-term investment that can save you time and hassle in the long run.

So there you have it! Your comprehensive guide to EV charging cables. Understanding the types, speeds, and costs can significantly enhance your EV experience. After all, knowledge is power, and when it comes to electric vehicles, power is everything!